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Mathematics. Mechanics. Informatics

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Baranov V. B. Gasdynamics and Magnetohydrodynamics of the Interplanetary and Interstellar Gas Interaction. Theory and Experiments. Izvestiya of Saratov University. Mathematics. Mechanics. Informatics, 2008, vol. 8, iss. 3, pp. 18-25. DOI: 10.18500/1816-9791-2008-8-3-18-25

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Gasdynamics and Magnetohydrodynamics of the Interplanetary and Interstellar Gas Interaction. Theory and Experiments

Baranov V. B., Ishlinsky Institute for Problems in Mechanics of the Russian Academy of Sciences

A problem of the interaction between interplanetary and interstellar gas flows is the problem of the interaction between the supersonic flow of the fully ionized hydrogen gas flow from a source (solar wind) and the supersonic translational flow of the interstellar gas which has neutral (Hatoms) and plasma (electrons and protons) components. Self-consistent, kinetic-continual model of this interaction, suggested in [8], is described in this paper. This model has the basic peculiarity connected with the mean free path of H atoms in a main process of the resonance charge exchange (charge exchange between H atoms and protons), namely, Knudsen number in this process Kn ∼ 1, i. e. hydrodynamic equations are not correct for describing H atoms motion. Euler equations with «sources» of the momentum and energy for the plasma component and the Boltzmann equation for neutral component are solved in the model [8]. Mathematical formulation of the problem considered and the basic results of numerical calculations are in details described. Some predictions of the model [8] were later confirmed by experimental data obtained onboard of spacecraft investigating outer regions of the solar system. For example, the «hydrogen wall», predicted in [7, 8], was discovered experimentally onboard of Hubble Space Telescope [11] and Voyagers 1 and 2 have crossed the solar wind termination shock in December 2004 (at the distance 94 AU) and in August 2007 (at the distance 84AU) respectively (see Fig. 2) and so on. Results of a development of the model in [8] taking into account effects of the solar cycles, anomalous cosmic rays, interstellar magnetic field and so on are also described.

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