Izvestiya of Saratov University.
ISSN 1816-9791 (Print)
ISSN 2541-9005 (Online)

конечно-элементный анализ

Biomechanics of Human Carotid Artery with Pathological Tortuosity

Pathological tortuosity of carotid artery ranks second among the causes of cerebro-vascular insufficiency. In their previous researches authors have described the influence of pathological tortuosity type on carotid artery behaviour. In this article we discuss the influence of different anatomic (bending angle, bulb size) and rheological factors on haemodynamics and stress-strain state of carotid artery with pathological tortuosity. Decreasing of the bending angle leads to blood volume reduction in brain and possible formation of septal stenosis in bending area.

Biomechanical Assessment of the Bone Ingrowth Effect During Cementless Endoprosthesis Osteointegration

Finite elementmodel of porous titaniuminserts for cementless endoprosthesis was reconstructed usingX-ray tomography. The stress distribution is calculated for a model with open-cell foam and composite bone / titanium. The results explain the mechanism of the porous structure destruction and positive influence of the osteointegration effect on the strength properties. Numerical calculations are confirmed by experimental data of the porous samples during compression testing.

Numerical analysis of renal artery pathologies

 Mathematical modeling based on experimental data (ultrasonic imaging, angiography, 3D reconstruction via spiral computed tomography) was performed. Anatomically precise model of renal artery was created. Basic principles of blood flow dynamics with stressstrain state of artery walls were studied for normal, pathologic renal arteries and arteries with hemostasis of intraorganic branches.