# космический аппарат

## Analytical algorithm of energy and time quasioptimal turn of a spacecraft under arbitrary boundary conditions

The optimal attitude maneuver control problem without control constraints is studied in the quaternion statement for an axially symmetric spacecraft as a rigid body under arbitrary boundary conditions on angular position and angular velocity of a spacecraft. The performance criterion is given by a functional combining the time and energy used for the attitude maneuver. Using substitutions of variables, the original problem is simplified (in terms of dynamic Euler equations) to the optimal slew problem for a rigid body with a spherical mass distribution.

## Approximation of the orientation equations of the orbital coordinate system by the weighted residuals method

In the quaternion formulation, the problem of mathematical modeling of the spacecraft movement in an elliptical orbit was considered. Control is an acceleration vector from jet thrust. Control modulus is constant. The control is directed orthogonally to the plane of the spacecraft orbit. The quaternion differential equation of an orbital coordinate system orientation was used to describe spacecraft movement.

## About a problem of spacecraft's orbit optimal reorientation

The problem of optimal reorientation of the spacecraft's orbit is solved with the help of the Pontryagin maximum principle and quaternion equations. Control (thrust vector, orthogonal to the orbital plane) is limited in magnitude. Functional, which determines a quality of control process is weighted sum of time and module (or square) of control. We have formulated a differential boundary problems of reorientation of spacecraft's orbit.

## Solution of a Problem of Spacecraft’s Orbit Optimal Reorientation Using Quaternion Equations of Orbital System of Coordinates Orientation

The problemof optimal reorientation of the spacecraft’s orbit is solved with the help of the Pontryagin maximum principle and quaternion equations. Control (thrust vector, orthogonal to the orbital plane) is limited inmagnitude. Functional, which determines a quality of control process, is weighted sum of time and impulse (or square) of control. We have formulated a differential boundary problems of reorientation of spacecraft’s orbit.

## Analytical Solution of Equations of Near-circular Spacecraft’s Orbit Orientation

The problem of optimal reorientation of spacecraft’s orbit with a limited control, orthogonal to the plane of spacecraft’s orbit, is considered. An approximate analytical solution of differential equations of near-circular spacecraft’s orbit orientation by control, that is permanent on adjacent parts of the active spacecraft’s motion, is obtained.

## Investigation of the Problem of Optimal Correction of Angular Elements of the Spacecraft Orbit Using Quaternion Differential Equation of Orbit Orientation

In this paper we consider the problem of optimal correction of angular elements of the spacecraft orbit. Control (jet thrust vector orthogonal to the plane of the orbit) is limited by absolute value. The combined quality functional characterizes the amount of time and energy consumption. With the help of the Pontryagin maximum principle and quaternion differential equation of the spacecraft orbit orientation, we have formulated differential boundary value problem of correction of the angular elements of the spacecraft orbit.

## Analytical Solution of Differential Equations of Circular Spacecraft Orbit Orientation

The problem of optimal reorientation of spacecraft’s orbit with a limited control, orthogonal to the plane of spacecraft orbit is being investigated. We have found an analytical solution of differential equations of circular spacecraft orbit orientation by control that is permanent on adjacent parts of the active spacecraft’s motion.

## Calculating of the Fastest Spacecraft Flights between Circular Orbits

The problem of optimal reorientation of spacecraft orbit is considered in quaternion formulation. Control (jet thrust vector orthogonal to the plane of the orbit) is limited in magnitude. It is necessary to minimize the duration of the process of reorientation of the spacecraft orbit. To describe the motion of the spacecraft center of mass quaternion differential equations of the orientation of the orbital coordinate system was used.

## Quaternion Models and Algorithms for Solving the General Problem of Optimal Reorientation of Spacecraft Orbit

The problem of optimal reorientation of the spacecraft orbit is considered in quaternion formulation. Control (vector of the acceleration of the jet thrust) is limited in magnitude. To solve the problem it is required to determine the optimal orientation of this vector in space. It is necessary to minimize the duration of the process of reorientation of the spacecraft orbit. To describe the motion of the center of mass of the spacecraft we used quaternion differential equation of the orientation of the spacecraft orbit.